|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||46 l. :|
|Number of Pages||46|
From our point of view, the main contribution of this work lies in showing, on one hand, the differential influence of valence, as well as arousal, on the attention to and recall of emotional words and, on the other hand, the differential effects of the semantic category on the attention paid to these words on the basis of gender; all under the. greater recall of anger words by bilingual speakers compared to monolingual speakers. This is a very different result from the superior recall of emotion words in L1 found by Anooshian and Hertel (), but the authors still attribute their results to heightened emotional processing of L1 compared to L2. In the emotional Stroop task, naming the color of an emotional word takes longer than naming the color of a neutral word, which reflects the fact that attention is captured by the emotional content of words (Williams, Mathews, & MacLeod, ). Thus, in such a task in which the emergence of the later components is the anticipated outcome, the Cited by: They were told to learn each of the 40 word pairs to the best of their ability because their memory would be tested until they were able to recall 24 of the 40 correct responses (60% criterion). Word pairs were presented sequentially on a computer .
redundant word pairs (in which the second word reiterates the meaning of the first, as in first and foremost, hopes and desires, full and complete, precious and few, and—if I may drop the italics—so on and so forth). Both Mark Twain and Ernest Hemingway cautioned writers against the careless use of modifiers. In a similar cross-sectional study, Chui () studied the knowledge of 20 words from the Academic Word List (Coxhead ) across English as a foreign language (EFL) learners for four components: word class recognition, meaning recall, collocation recognition, and derivative form production. She found that word class recognition and. The word list is presented 3 times to the subject; the order of words is randomized for each trial. At the end of each of the three. presentations, the subject is asked to recall the list of words; all responses. are recorded. The word list (Hindi words for butter, arm, corner, letter, queen, ticket, grass, stone, book . - Role of amygdala = where emotional components of memory are stored: 1. Especially fear emotions 2. Interacts w hippocampus during formation of memory 3. Amygdala deals with the emotion, like fear; helps us recall emotions associated with the fear-provoking events 4.
Words backed up with emotions are so much more powerful. The emotions change the effectiveness of the word. Keep in mind, however, that emotions must be well-measured. Score on a recall test of 10 words; words must be recalled in the correct order (really, this is a test of remembering the word order, not the words themselves) Sample Men and women from the Cambridge University subject panel (mostly students); they were volunteers. There were 72 altogether, a mixture of men and women. Murray and Kensinger () found that an encoding task that encouraged participants to form a single image that integrated two words in a pair enhanced older adults’ associative memory for positive and negative word pairs but not non-emotional word pairs. For younger adults, on the other hand, the picture integration task enhanced the cued. Test and Procedures. Ten word DRM lists (5 lists containing only neutral words, 5 containing only negative words) were drawn from previous DRM studies, and McEvoy’s normative associate lists were matched for backward associative strength (BAS), one of the best predictors of false recall using the DRM.. Lists were divided into 2 blocks of 5 lists counterbalanced across.